Learning Issues

What is a Learning Disability?

A learning disability is typically diagnosed when an individual’s ability in a specific area, such as reading, is significantly below that which is expected for the individual’s age, intelligence, and education. A learning disability should not be diagnosed if the reason for the difficulty is primarily due to language (such as when English is a second language), or lack of opportunity to learn.

What are the types of Learning Disabilities?

There are seven specific learning disabilities recognized in the public education system:

  1. Reading—Basic Skills
  2. Reading—Comprehension
  3. Mathematics—Computation
  4. Mathematics—Reasoning
  5. Oral language
  6. Listening Comprehension
  7. Written Expression

The most common learning disabilities are in reading, followed by mathematics, and written expression. The term “dyslexia” may be used in some cases to refer to a reading disability.

Available Services


The U of I Child and Youth Study Center has the resources to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the highest quality. We have one of the best libraries of testing materials available for hundreds of miles. It is important to understand that a comprehensive evaluation typically involves several hours (4 to 10) of individual testing depending on the specific problems and abilities of the child being evaluated.


We provide consultation services for parents, school personnel, and local physicians. We provide consultation regarding assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, as well as specific goals and learning strategies that may be most beneficial for a particular child’s needs. This may involve going to the school and/or having the child or school personnel come to our offices.